Solid Wood Flooring

 

Solid Wood Flooring

Phone Us  01708 760009

 

Solid wood/Real wood/Oak flooring/Walnut floorng/Luxary Flooring

Solid hardwood floors come in a wide range of dimensions, styles and types of natural-tree-woods like Oak and Walnut, with each plank made of solid wood and milled from a single piece of natural-timber. Real wood floors are used exclusively for their wow-factor and appearance. A real Oak floor will add substantial value to your home and is seen as a ultimate luxury item for your home. The floor itself becomes a attractive peice of art that enhances your home.



Wood flooring is a popular feature in many houses

Real wooden flooring requires care and attention due to the natural characteristics of natural living wood. Natural wood will expand and contract with the changing weather..

Plank Sizes

Typically, 5" wide and 3/4" thick boards are the largest that can be manufactured from solid wood without compromising the structure of the flooring (some manufacturers produce wider boards using proprietary milling techniques).

There is, however, no standard size which will perform well in every environment.


Installation systems

Natural Wood flooring can be manufactured with a variety of different installation systems:

1) Tongue-and-groove: One side and one end of the plank have a groove, the other side and end have a tongue (protruding wood along an edge's center). The tongue and groove fit snugly together, thus joining or aligning the planks, and are not visible once joined. Tongue-and-groove flooring can be installed by glue-down (both engineered and solid), floating (mostly engineered only), or nail-down (not recommended for most engineered).

2) "Click" systems: there are a number of patented "click" systems that now exist. These click systems are either "unilin" or "fiboloc" A "click" floor is similar to tongue-and-groove, but instead of fitting directly into the groove, the board must be angled or "tapped" in to make the curved or barbed tongue fit into the modified groove. No adhesive is used when installing a "click" floor, making board replacement easier. This system not only exists for engineered wood floors but also bamboo and a small number of solid floors (such as "parador solido click") and is designed to be used for floating installations. It is beneficial for the Do-It-Yourself market.

3) Floor connection system: There are a wide range of connection systems, as most of them are mill-specific manufacturing techniques. The general principle is to have grooves on all four sides of the plank with a separate, unconnected, piece that is inserted into the grooves of two planks to join them. The piece used for the connection can be made from wood, rubber, or plastic. This installation system allows for different materials (i.e. wood and metal) to be installed together if they have the same connection system.

4) Wood flooring can also be installed utilizing the glue-down method. This is an especially popular method for solid parquet flooring installations on concrete sub-floors. Additionally, engineered wood flooring may use the glue-down method as well. A layer of mastic is placed onto the sub-floor using a trowel similar to those used in laying ceramic tile. The wood pieces are then laid on top of the glue and hammered into place using a rubber mallet and a protected 2x4 to create a level floor. Often the parquet floor will require sanding and re-finishing after the glue-down installation method due to the small size pieces.


Finishing, refinishing, and sanding

Floor finishes

The two most popular finishes for wood flooring are oil and polyurethane. Within both categories there are many variations and other names used to describe the finish.

1) Oil - Oiled floors have existed for several thousand years and is the most common floor finish used globally is oil-finsish. Oil finished floors are made from naturally derived drying oils, and are not to be confused with petroleum based oils. Pre-finished oil floors can be UV cured. Most vegetable based oils are 100% natural

Brushed and Oiled - Steel brushes are used in the direction of the grain which opens up the surface of the wood and removes splinters. The wood is then oiled.

2) Polyurethane - Polyurethane floors were first introduced around 1940. There are several types of polyurethane finishes that exist, but the two most common are straight polyurethane and oil-modified polyurethane. Both products are sold under various names including: urethane, lacquer, and varnish. Many wood-finish-manufacturers and wood-flooring-manufacturers create a brand name for their finish.

Sanding

Sanding provides a method for smoothing an installed floor, compensating for unevenness of the subfloor. Additionally, sanding is used to renew the appearance of older wooden floors

Care of wood floors

Proper use of vacuuming, sweeping, and damp mopping is usually all that is required to maintain the cleanliness and appearance of a natural-wooden-floor. Oil soaps should not be used to clean the floors. The best suggestion is to use the manufacturers recommended cleaning products.


 What is the difference between Solid flooring and Engineered and Laminate?

Solid wood floors are manufactured as one complete piece of solid wood, generally 3/4" thick and board widths are generally 2 1/4" and 3 1/4" wide. The length of the boards may vary from 9" to 72", depending on the grade choosen.

Solid wood floors can react to the environment in which it is placed if a humidifer and dehumidier are not used to control the humidity between 40 -60% . In the winter heating months, the moisture content of the wood reduces causing the floor to contract or leave small gaps between each board. In the summer months when humidity enters the wood, it will cause the wood to expand and if there is too much moisture, it can cause the floor to cup.
Solid wood floors are most commonly installed by nailing down to a wood subfloor.


Engineered wood floors refer to products that have multiple layers of wood veneer glued and pressed together. The Most common Hardwood Flooring thicknesses are 5/16", 3/8" and 1/2" and widths are 3" 4" and 5". Engineered wood floors have layers of wood veneer that are cross-laminated for dimensional stability. These floors will be less affected by moisture than solid wood floors. Engineered wood floors can be installed on grade, below grade, or above grade - virtually - any room in the home. Engineered wood floors have several options of installing; nail down, staple down, glue down, and some can even be floated.

Engineered wood floors are made completely from wood unlike Laminate. Laminate- core of product is typically made of High Density Fiber (HDF). The top layer is a photographic layer that should appear identical to the product it replicates, be it wood, vinyl, tile, etc.